The Most Important Prophecy in the Bible

Daniel’s prophecy of the “70 Weeks” may be the most important prophecy in the Bible and the most amazing. Its sweeping panorama allowed the wise in ancient Israel to know the exact timing of the arrival of Jesus upon his first coming. It also provides incredible details about Jesus’s second coming.

Although I’ve never done an article on the 70 Weeks before, I have received dozens of questions and comments about the prophecy.  So I thought it wise to do a detailed study of it. When I say it is “the most important” prophecy, obviously that is an hyperbole. All prophecies are important, but a prophecy that foretells the entire plan of salvation, redemption and deliverance is pretty important.

The word we translate as weeks is “SHABUIM” or period of seven. Although this period could be seven days, weeks, or months, most scholars attribute to a period of 70 times 7 years.  The Hebrew agricultural cycle revolved around these units of seven years that mimic a week with six days of toil and a Sabbath rest. The 7 year cycle involves six years of agricultural sowing and reaping followed by a sabbatical year where the ground is left fallow.

Examining this vision will take more than one installment. So this is only PART ONE of a three part series.

PART ONE: Daniel Prays

The prophecy was given to Daniel after one of the longest continual prayers of repentance in the Bible. We learn what prompted the prayer.

In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of Median descent, who was made king over the kingdom of the Chaldeans— in the first year of his reign, I, Daniel, observed in the books the number of the years which was revealed as the word of the Lord to Jeremiah the prophet for the completion of the desolations of Jerusalem, namely,seventy years. So I gave my attention to the Lord God to seek Him by prayer and supplications, with fasting, sackcloth and ashes. (Dan. 9:1-3)

First, Daniel, the faithful scribe tells us the timing of prophecy. This was in the first year of Darius the Mede. Some have suspected that Darius was actually another name for Cyrus the Great, but this passage seems to indicate he was the son of the Median king, the Ahasuerus (Ahasuerus is a title not name). Darius was not Persian and much is made of this. He is always referred to as a Mede. Notice he was “made” king, he didn’t assume the position of himself. Likely this means that Cyrus made Darius king after he conquered Babylon in order to put down any revolt and to establish a Persian style government. Since this vision takes place in his first year, this is the first year after Babylon was conquered. Whether it occurred prior to or after Daniel’s night in the Lion’s den is not clear.  It was only a few years later that Cyrus assumed the throne, so this vision was given during that time that Darius was appointing Satraps (governors) and in the basic time of the Lion’s den.

What prompted this prayer was “bible study.”  I find this fascinating. I have been learning a great deal of what God has planned in the relatively near future. I bet you have as well. Has this knowledge driven us to our knees in repentance? It should. This is the greatest lesson from this article IMO. That God’s revealed plan should inspire our prayers. Let’s all resolve to do just that after this article. It is one form of the application of prophecy.

Daniel then prayed and asked God’s forgiveness for the sins of his people, his nation, and their rulers. He assumed personal responsibility and says “we” not “they” did this or that. This is again, an instruction for us on how to pray!  In the Letter to Pergamum in Revelation Jesus said this, “ But I have a few things against you, because you have there some who hold the teaching of Balaam.” Jesus will hold us personally responsible for the error of others in our churches! This is incredible and poorly understood. We need to be our brother’s keeper and to instruct them in the truth.

That is part of the reason I wrote the book, Are We Ready For Jesus,

ReadyforJesuscover

so that we can all help instruct our brothers and sisters in our own churches who may not be aware of what is coming upon the earth. The most effective way is to buy a copy for your pastor first. Ask him to watch the video at www.arewereadyforjesus.com. And pray a prayer like Daniel’s.

God’s Anger or God’s Mercy?

A traditional thinking of many in the Church based on a Pre-tribulation Rapture thinking is that Daniel’s 70th Week is “punishment” on the Jews or “God’s Wrath.” Daniel specifically prayed that God turn his anger away from his people and Jerusalem. “O Lord, in accordance with all Your righteous acts, let now Your anger and Your wrath turn away from Your city Jerusalem” (Dan. 9:16). So is the prophecy of the 70 Weeks about continued punishment for the Jewish people or or it a message of hope? Was Daniel’s prayer granted?

We are told that Gabriel was immediately dispatched at the very beginning of Daniel’s requests and God’s answer was given in the form of this vision.  What does this vision show?

  • The Jews will return from exile and rebuild Jerusalem
  • The Messiah will come! In fact the exact timing of his first coming is given
  • The Temple will be rebuilt
  • And although the Jews will encounter problems, Messiah will ultimately be victorious.

This certainly sounds like a vision of hope not a vision of punishment or anger. Any period of time that includes the ministry of my Messiah is not punishment!

Some have considered it “punishment” because the number “70” is included. The original 70 year exile to Babylon was a punishment. Those that believe this way say that this punishment is being multiplied in the 70 Weeks by a factor of 7! Leviticus 26 seems to support this thinking:  “If then, you act with hostility against Me and are unwilling to obey Me, I will increase the plague on you seven times according to your sins.” Interestingly, however this prescription is given three additional times in Leviticus for a total of four “seven times.” (Lev. 26:18,21,23,28) Rather than a punishment of 70 years or 490 years, it is a prescription of 1960 years! This  four fold punishment is ignored by those holding to this theory of “punishment”.

So what do I think Lev. 26 is talking about? Well first of all it is pretty clear it DOESN’T apply to the 70 Weeks. The 70 Weeks vision is given prior to the Jews returning to the land! This seems incredibly harsh to apply a “seven times” punishment in advance of the sin that causes it!! Second the “seven times” punishments seem to indicate events that happened in AD 70.

 Further, you will eat the flesh of your sons and the flesh of your daughters you will eat. I then will destroy your high places, and cut down your incense altars, and heap your remains on the remains of your idols, for My soul shall abhor you.  I will lay waste your cities as well and will make your sanctuaries desolate, and I will not smell your soothing aromas.  I will make the land desolate so that your enemies who settle in it will be appalled over it.  You, however, I will scatter among the nations and will draw out a sword after you, as your land becomes desolate and your cities become waste. (Lev. 26: 29-33)

As horrible as these things are, they are an accurate picture of AD 70. But they are not accurate of things happening during the 70 Weeks. AD 70 occurred OUTSIDE the period of the 70 Weeks. During every moment of the first 69 Weeks and the first half of teh 70th  Week, Israel was or will be within the land NOT in exile. So in my opinion, the 1960 years of Leviticus 26 may involve the “second exile” of Israel that began in AD 70 and continued until 1948. We also know a “third exile” is coming in the final 3 1/2 years of the 70th Week of Daniel.

Pastor Tim Warner, in his book Time of the End, applies this 1960 year period from AD 70 to AD 2030. He links this to a possible return of Jesus. In my thinking this “might” make sense. The original punishment was an “exile” and the this second 28 times longer period is given an exile as well. The sin that led to this longer exile was greater: the rejection of Jesus as Messiah.  However, any “return of Jesus” projection must be taken with a grain of salt. The Lord has not revealed the date of his return yet, and we should NOT ascribe to any date as “set in stone” in my opinion. However, I find this theory interesting.

Most importantly of all, Jesus attributes this period 70  times 7 to forgiveness not to punishment!!

Then Peter came and said to Him, “Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me and I forgive him? Up to seven times?” Jesus *said to him, “I do not say to you, up to seven times, but up to seventy times seven. (Matt. 18: 21-22)

Jesus is teaching us that during the 70 Weeks (seventy times seven) forgiveness is available and he uses that well know period as a metaphor for Peter. After this period, after Jesus returns, judgment and God’s punishment will come.

So for all these varied reasons, there is no basis for calling this period a time of punishment or wrath. It was given to Daniel as a prophecy of hope.

This can be confusing. Here is a graphic that displays the various times of Wrath and Grace applied to Israel from the Babylonian invasion in or about 606 BC to the present.

Wrath and Grace

The Purpose of the Most Important Prophecy in the Bible

The purposes of 70 Weeks (all of which are related to Grace) are clearly delineated by Gabriel the angel:

Seventy weeks have been decreed for your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to make an end of sin, to make atonement for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy place. (Dan. 9:24)

These various purposes of the 70 Weeks are even further proof that the time period is one of hope. Among the end results of it are an end of sin and everlasting righteousness!

This period of time is “decreed.” We have discussed previously that there is a “link” between Daniel’s dream interpretations and visions. We have already shown in The Four Beasts of Daniel that the dream interpretation of Dan. 2 (Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream of the Statue) and the vision of Dan. 7 share multiple similarities and are about the same events. In a future article we will demonstrate how there are almost two dozen shared passages between the visions of Dan. 8 and Daniel’s Great Vision Prophecy in Dan. 10-12. I also contend that there is a link between Daniel’s interpretation of Nebuchadnezzar’s dream of the Great Tree in Dan. 4 and this vision of the 70 Weeks. We will explain that in much more detail later in PART TWO of this series of articles, but for now notice that that vision is “decreed” as well as this one: “This sentence is by the decree of the angelic watchers (Dan. 4:17).”

These are the “things that must take place.” They are decided in advance; they are decreed. This phrase “things that must take place” is HA DEI GENESTHAI in the Greek. This phrase “bookends” (it is the first and last verse) the interpretation of Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream of the Statue (Dan. 2:29, 45) in the Greek Septuagint. This same phrase “bookends” the entire Book of Revelation. (Rev. 1:1 and Rev. 22:6) By quoting this phrase (that was well known in John’s day), John was signaling that Revelation would be an explanation of Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream. Jesus also used this phrase (HA DEI GENESTHAI) in the Olivet Discourse (Matt. 24:6). In my new book Revelation Deciphered

revelation deciphered

we discuss this “bookend” in considerable detail as well as other “bookends” in Revelation, Thessalonians, Joel, etc. In my opinion, Revelation cannot be understood outside of these “bookends.” By the way, don’t look for them in the English translations, they are only found in the Greek.

Next we notice that the vision is for Daniel’s people and the Holy City (Jerusalem.) Does this mean that the vision only concerns the Jews? Not at all. Christians have been grafted into the “roots” of Israel:  “But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, being a wild olive, were grafted in among them and became partaker with them of the rich root of the olive tree (Rom. 11:17).”  The New Covenant was made between the Houses of Israel and Judah and the Lord (Jer. 31:31). We only share in this Covenant because we were grafted in to Israel. In the same way, we as Christians share in the 70 Weeks because of this “grafting.” Because it is a vision of hope, this is something we want to share.

Let us return to the purposes of the vision. The first purpose is to finish “the” transgression. What transgression (Heb: PESHA, meaning “breach of trust” or “rebellion”) is this? It is obvious a specific transgression (singular) or breach of trust. We have learned that when scripture refers to “the” of anything by using the definite article, it means it is the primary example in scripture  or it’s an example that had just been mentioned. This can be nothing other than the sin of Adam and Eve, the initial and primary sin in the Bible.  This is followed by a related phrase “make an end of sin.” Both of these phrases would seem to imply the finality of sin, but the Hebrew verbs translated “finish” and “make an end of” imply a different meaning.

The Hebrew word KALA is translated “finish” but it actually means “restrain.” The Hebrew word CHATHAM is translated “make an end of” but it actually means “to seal up.” So the 70 Weeks are going to restrain and seal up sin. This is an incredible nuance of understanding! At the end of the 70 Weeks, the Millennial Kingdom will begin. The saints in resurrection bodies will be “sin free,” but the human survivors of Daniel’s 70th Week will be capable of sin. At the end of the Millennial Kingdom, Satan will lead a final rebellion, proof that sin is still possible. During this period, sin will be greatly restrained because Satan is chained in the Abyss, but here will still be sin. Sin will be restrained and “sealed up” (Satan will be “sealed up” in the abyss), but not eliminated.

The second set of purposes are also related: “to make atonement for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness.” Jesus is our everlasting righteousness and he will bring that to the earth when he reigns from Jerusalem. Also on the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) at the end of the 70th Week of Daniel, he will atone for the sins of Israel and “all Israel will be saved; just as it is written, ‘The Deliverer will come from ZionHe will remove ungodliness from JacobThis is My covenant with themWhen I take away their sins.’” (Rom. 11:26-27)

We are also told that all vision and prophecy will be “sealed.” Does this mean all prophecy will be fulfilled by the end of the 70th Week? No, it says it will be sealed. We know that some prophecies extend beyond the 70th Week. I am not 100% sure what this passage means. One possibility is that no future prophecies will be made AFTER the 70th Week is over. This is corroborated by 1 Cor. 13:8 which shows that someday there will be no more prophetic visions. It is also possible that this sealing is a “certification” of the prophecies that have already been given. A ratification of sorts.

Finally, we are told that “the most Holy” will be anointed. In many translations this phrase is “the Holy Place will be anointed.” The word “place” does not appear in the Hebrew, however. So this “anointing of the most Holy” could be an anointing of Jesus at his first coming or even at his coronation as King of the Earth (the Seventh Seal). I personally like that last interpretation. It could also refer to the anointing of the altar in heaven with Jesus’s blood upon his death and resurrection. All these interpretations are possible.

Next Article

In the next article we will begin to examine the vision itself and specifically look at how it prophesied the first coming of Jesus.

48 thoughts on “The Most Important Prophecy in the Bible”

  1. An observation, we are looking for one sign now that we know the 69 weeks are completed. That sign is the institution of the 7 year covenant of the man of sin, to begin the 70th week of Daniel. The rest of Daniel 9 is past tense, and in the 21st century we are searching the scriptures for the signs of the return of the Son of Man, of Daniel 7. The covenant of death is the complete abrogation of the Eternal Covenant of Yahweh with Abraham Isaac and Jacob, which aims to divide the Land of Promise, and is in contradistinction to the entire chapter of Ezekiel 36, Deuteronomy 32, Jeremiah 30-33……the world better get ready, judgment is drawing nigh

    The covenant of death is coming, to be forced on Israel to divide the Land, couched in worldly language of “peace and security”, to the ultimate judgment of the unbelieving world. Now is truly the time of apocalyptic evangelism

  2. Nelson.

    I said between 4 and 6 BC. Which means you can put his age in his early thirties, which doesn’t contradict the translation of Luke 3:23.

    But there is always going to be dispute over the exact date. For instance was Jesus a new born babe when the Magi arrived, or was he a year or two old? I have heard differing views on that.

    The 49 years predate Cyrus decree because his marked both the end of the exile, and the rebuilding. The 49 years were those that the temple lay in ruins.

    “Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks”

    Where did that command go forth from? It went forth from God to his prophets Isaiah and Jeremiah. It was many years later shown to Cyrus, who obeyed that command. Thus fulfilling the seven weeks period of the prophecy.

    1. I guess the two big problems I have with the chronology you mention is mixing of “solar” years for the 49 years and “lunar” years (days) for the 434 years. I think there is no place for this conversion to days in the chronology for the reasons stated in the article. The second is attributing the 49 years to a period prior to the decree. Carefully look at the word “go forth” it is defined as the “act” of going forth not the issuing. This implies the sending of workers.

      1. Nelson.

        I don’t mix lunar and solar years. I simply convert one to the other so as to make it easier to understand.

        Don’t you consider Isaiah and Jeremiah to be workers in the service of our Lord?

  3. Nelson.

    You said ” It is the gap between the 69th and 70th week. Applied after 70 AD. Probably ending in 2030 AD.”

    That’s possible. But whichever way it pans out the entire period from Daniel being taken captive to Babylon, to the end of the last 7 year Tribulation is all punishment. And in the case of the Tribulation period, not a judgement against those who are in Christ.

    1. Phil, no, not at all. The first 69 weeks of the 70 Week Prophecy are a grace period between exiles. Israel was given the 70 Weeks prophecy specifically so they could identify their Messiah and accept him. When they ignored the prophecy and rejected their King, the 4 fold 70×7 punishment was instituted which continues until today.

      1. So what you’re saying is the 69 weeks of years that Daniel’s people have been under Gentile rule isn’t a punishment, it’s all God’s grace.

        All those persecutions, pogroms, massacres and holocaust. All a gracious gift?

        1. The 69 Weeks were from 457 to 27 AD. And there is a massive difference between the wrath of men and the ordained wrath or punishment of God. I have posted a new graphic attached to this article to clearly articulate the periods of wrath and grace I spoke of. Only after the rejection of the Messiah, did God institute the 4 x 7 x 70 period (1960 years) of punishment that you allude to. Prior to that Israel was under Grace and had the chance to accept their King. Messiah is the “gracious gift” you mention. Don’t minimize him. Jesus clearly identified this in Luke 19:41-44

          “When He approached Jerusalem, He saw the city and wept over it, saying, “If you had known in this day, even you, the things which make for peace! But now they have been hidden from your eyes. For the days will come upon you when your enemies will throw up a barricade against you, and surround you and hem you in on every side, and they will level you to the ground and your children within you, and they will not leave in you one stone upon another, because you did not recognize the time of your visitation.”

          So obviously Israel was given the chance to accept Messiah. Only when they rejected him did the 4 x 7 x 70 year punishment ensue.

          1. Nelson,

            You said: “The 69 Weeks were from 457 to 27 AD.”

            Why those dates? Simply because you can count 69 weeks of years?

            You can’t marry that to Cyrus’ decree. And there is no scriptural justification for adding the 7 weeks to the 62 weeks, any more than there is for throwing the final 7 weeks of years in there.

            Lack of consistency has been the cause of centuries of misunderstanding this prophecy. The angel’s words imply a clear separation between the seven and the sixty two week periods.

            The sixty two weeks of years ended with Christ’s birth. The Magi new what they were looking for!

          2. The revised article explains that from the “Going forth” of Cyrus’s decree to Messiah are 7 and 62 Weeks of years. The article explains why this can only be from Ezra’s “going forth” on Nisan 1, 457 BC. 483 years later was 27 BC. Re-read the article. And thank you for your insight that improved it.

            Now in your link to your book, you mentioned that 6 BC was the year of Jesus’s birth. IMO that is scripturally impossible. John the Baptist’s ministry began in either AD 27 or 29 (as the article mentions). If Jesus was born in 6 BC that would have made him anywhere from 33 to 35 years old at the time John began his ministry. We are told in Luke 3:23 that Jesus was “about thirty years of age” when he was baptized. Your book cites the date of the death of Herod as being 4 BC, but that has been shown to be in error. A copy error in Josephus in the 1500’s led to that date. Earlier documents now show that it was 1 BC when Herod died; most believing it was Jan. 28, 1 BC.

            If you have data related to a 3 or 2 BC birth of Jesus, I would be interested in seeing how it is derived and how the 49 initial years figure into the calculation. I cannot accept that the 49 years pre-date Cyrus’s decree.

  4. Thanks good4u and Nelson for your replies! It will be interesting to see how the covenant goes down, and the nature of the covenant made with the “many” ie, Rabiyim in the Hebrew, which implies the agreement is not just with Israel, but with the surrounding peoples as well. I’m looking forward to the 3rd part of this installment, and a discussion of “gabar”, interpreted in the NASB as “make a firm”. WIth the trajectory of world events becoming ever tighter with respect to pressure on Israel from the world and Islamic powers, it appears the covenant of death that Israel agrees to will involve an imposed division of the Land of the Everlasting Covenant, and hence the judgment of Isaiah 24; 5,6 and Joel 3:1,2, couched in the language of “peace and security”.. On the surface it appears that whoever it is that leverages Israel to make this covenant of death, is a prime candidate to be the man of sin, but I could be completely wrong, and realize that as events unfold that my thoughts might need to change!

    1. Hi Nelson.

      Yes, I did get a chance to read your article, that’s how I was able to rebut your conclusions, which I did when I answered all six of those points by saying “you are interpreting this prophecy using a preconceived idea. That being your belief that only the last year of the 70th week is God’s punishment.”

      Jeremiah 25:1-14 ( http://biblehub.com/context/jeremiah/25-1.htm ) tells us what the 70 years of Babylonian exile were about, and Leviticus 26 ( http://biblehub.com/niv/leviticus/26.htm ) tells us that Daniel’s people are still serving God’s multiplied sentence, which will finish with the final seven years of the Tribulation.

      You can’t honestly read Jeremiah and say that Babylon wasn’t punishment. And you can’t honestly read Leviticus and say there is no connection to Jeremiah, or that this is all blessings not punishment.

      1. Phil,

        We are actually closer to agreement here than you might think. Certainly the 70 years in Babylon were punishment. We agree. Certainly the four fold 70×7 punishment of Israel is punishment; we agree. What we don’t agree on is where that punishment is applied. IF the 1960 years (4x70x7)were applied as you said to the 70 weeks prophecy then it is already over. It would have ended in the 1500’s. However you said it is still ongoing (which I also agree with.) It is the gap between the 69th and 70th week. Applied after 70 AD. Probably ending in 2030 AD.

  5. I will agree with Nelson about POSSIBLY being able to identify the Man of Sin assuming the signing of the covenant with Israel is a public event for it may or may not be. Frankly, we just don’t know the situation surrounding this future event. However, having said this I do think as this decisive event becomes self-evident some very spiritually perceptive Christians will be able to identify this most reprehensible man before the majority of the other Christians. But we are a ways off from this occurring.

    Blessings!

    1. Good points Good4U, additionally this treaty may be signed by several or many people. Deciding which one is AC may be difficult. I have some insight on this treaty in the 3rd Installment on Daniel’s 70 Weeks. I’ll publish that one in a week.

  6. Hi Nelson, I am looking forward to your insights in your book on Revelations. The start of the 70th of Daniel is marked by a covenant, and if we recognize it, we won’t have to wait until the midpoint to know just who the man of sin is…..can you share your thoughts on what the nature of the covenant is, and how we might recognize it for what it is?

    1. Part 3 of this series discusses the Covenant. Should be published in a week. In terms of identifying the Man of Sin from the Covenant: Maybe. I think we probably will be able to, but Paul and Jesus point to the Midpoint as the decisive identifier.

  7. Nelson,
    Does your research indicate what point in time during the 70th week that the first seal is opened, and the white horse rider is sent? Based on your article Who Rides The White Horse, it must be before the abomination of desolation is set up and the covenant broken, at mid week?

    1. Yes, Ken, but it is a long and complicated “proof” that needs to wait for the release of my book. It is my opinion the 70th Week begins on Tishri 1 of the First Year and the Seal is broken on Yom Kippur (Tishri 10). It is my opinion that the seals all open on Feast Days (in order and one per year). But as I said that proof requires quite a bit of back story first. Chapter 13 of the new book covers all this.

      I think the evidence is quite strong, but its lengthy.

  8. Nelson,

    you are interpreting this prophecy using a preconceived idea. That being your belief that only the last year of the 70th week is God’s punishment.

    Allow scripture to interpret itself by starting at the beginning, rather than at your idea of the end.

    The first 70 years of Babylonian exile were punishment! Now go back and reconsider what Daniel’s people were warned would happen if they continued to rebel. The conclusion is inescapable.

    1. Hi Phil, Hopefully you had a chance to read the article. In it are six reasons the 70 Weeks are not punishment.You didn’t address a single one of these reasons so I’ll briefly mention them:
      1. Daniel specifically prayed God’s anger would “turn away” and 70 Weeks Vision was given as an answer
      2. The vision contains mostly wonderful blessings, rebuilding of city and temple and coming of our Messiah
      3. 70 Weeks Vision given prior to return of Israel and prior to any sin that could have brought punishment
      4. Lev. 26 to which allude is a four fold punishment of 4 70×7 periods or 1960 years not one.
      5. Lev. 26 alludes to the destruction of AD 70 which is specifically OUTSIDE of the 70 Weeks!
      6. Jesus equates 70 x 7 with forgiveness not punishment

      The punishment of Lev. 26 did occur and still is occurring Phil. I recommend re-reading the article for my opinion on these things.

  9. Nelson, so far i know that 70 weeks prophecy already fulfilled. can you give me calculation as prove that week 70th didn’t occur yet.

    457 bc + 483 = 26/27 ad — jesus baptist
    26/27 ad + 3.5 = 31 ad — jesus crucified
    31+3.5 = 34 — gospel to gentiles

  10. Nelson,

    Dr. Michael Heiser (http://www.nakedbiblepodcast.com/naked-bible-83-leviticus-23-25/) provides a pdf download link(http://www.nakedbiblepodcast.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/Wacholder-Chronomessianism-The-Timing-of-Messianic-Movements-and-Calendar-of-Sabbatical-Cycles.pdf) to an article by Ben Zion Wacholder that attempts to interpret Daniel 9:24-27 in light of the then current sabbatical calendar.

    Wacholder asserts that ancient Jews would have seen the 70 shavu’a as sabbatical cycles of 10 Jubilees and would have expected the numbers in Daniel’s prophecy to harmonize with their calendar of sabbatical cycles.

    The article is well worth reading to get a better idea of original context.

    Dr. Heiser also explains the Watchers better than anyone.

    1. Rachel, thank you. Yes, the next article on this website gets into how the 70 weeks (which are sabbatical cycles) might be calculated and it discusses Jubilee’s as well.

    2. Rachel, many thanks indeed for the tip and have dipped into Dr H’s site. His material on the divine council will make a useful adjunct to observations I’m drafting on an earlier post, ‘On EngagingTime’.

  11. You mentioned that during the Millennial Kingdom, “sin will be greatly restrained because Satan is chained in the Abyss, but there will still be sin.” What will sin be like at that time? How will it look different than it looks now?

  12. I recently got into a debate with a Pre trib rapture person, after I posted something from Mark Davidson’s book, Daniel Revisited. I put to him this question, why do we have the book of Daniel and the prophecy and the book of Revealtion is we are not going to be here? His answer was that it was for the jewish people. My reply was that the Jews don’t read the New Testament. But my question is they do read the book of Daniel, I presume. Have they figured this out?? I am curious!! How do the jewish people interpret the Book of Daniel??
    I get really confused by the many interpretations of Daniel. I can’t tell you how frustrated I feel at times. Just when I think I understand, I don’t at all!!! My last question is do you agree with Mark Davidson, on the first horseman being the Iraq war?? He made a pretty good case in his book. Thanks as always enjoy learning from you!!

    1. Ten years ago, a Jewish friend of mine became very frightened of an “asteroid” hitting the earth. He asked me about that and I indicated to him there was a section of Revelation that could be interpreted that way. He said, “Is there anything in the Jewish scriptures?” I pointed him to Daniel and asked if he wanted to study it together. We did. When we reached Dan. 9, his jaw dropped in relation to the 70 sevens prophecy. He brought this to his Rabbi who told him Daniel is sealed, no one can understand it and to ignore me. Now all Jews don’t believe that but there are sections of the OT that most won’t look at like Isaiah 53.

      Mark Davidson and I agree on many things, but the association of Dan. 7 and Rev. 6 IS NOT one of them. I strongly disagree with him on that point. You can read these articles WHO RIDES THE WHITE HORSE, and THE PURPOSE OF THE FOUR HORSEMEN. Although neither article was written specifically to refute Mark’s position, they provide enough evidence for you to make up your own mind.

      The Pattern of Seven Events (which includes the 7 seals) is a repeating pattern of events found in 9 different sections of scripture that occur one per year DURING the 70th Week of Daniel. It is one of the most prominent prophetic features of scripture. When you finally get a chance to read Revelation Deciphered, which describes this pattern, hopefully you will see why I believe as strongly as I do.

  13. All Glory to God

    Nelson,

    Good article. However I do not agree with your inclusion of the Church being part of the 70 week program. This is incorrect IMO…the Church was not part of the initial 69 weeks and does not even go through the entire final week so this could not be for us.

    Daniel 9 v 24 is very clear-
    “Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city…”

    Israel (of the flesh) will have to go through the entire 70 week program. We did not so it could not have been for us.

    Daniel 9 v 24 also tells us why these 70 weeks are required. I agree with your conclusions on this but I will add a thought.
    “…and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy”.

    God will, at the end of the 70 weeks program, fulfill all the promises He made to Israel through Abraham and David.

    “and to bring in everlasting righteousness…”

    Consider Zechariah 13 v 1
    “In that day there shall be a fountain opened to the house of David and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem for sin and for uncleanness”.

    This goes back to our discussion about the remnant receiving glorified bodies. I thank the Lord for making you write this piece as you brought up scriptures I hadn’t considered when thinking about this theory.

    Israel will be at the center of a new global empire which will never be overthrown. Israel shall reign over the whole earth. For Israel to attain this (and stay in it forever), sin has to be done away with completely because sin brings judgment (God’s perfect righteousness demands it). This is why the 70 week program is necessary…so sin could be done away with completely. It was suspended because Israel rejected the Messiah to whom the promise was given. The tribulation, I suspect, is part of putting all the Lord’s enemies under His feet (Psalm 110).

    God Bless

    1. The Church is definitely part of the 70 Weeks, Curtis. We are grafted in to the root of Israel.
      The 70th Week of Daniel is part of our Lord putting his enemies under his feet, the final enemy is death and he defeats death at the end of the Millennial Kingdom.

      1. All Glory to God

        Nelson,

        We are grafted into Israel of the Millennial kingdom not into Israel of the flesh. The 70 week program is for Israel of the flesh not for us.

        God Bless

        1. Curtis, “But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, being a wild olive, WERE grafted in among them and became partaker with them of the rich root of the olive tree” Rom 11:17. We were grafted in, this is not a future event.

          1. All Glory to God

            Nelson,

            Yes we are joint heirs of the promise. What is the promise? the kingdom of God which is also our Lord Jesus Christ in person. And not all of Israel is part of this Kingdom but a remnant. The scriptures clearly differentiate between the remnant of Israel (of the flesh) and the Church (which is largely Gentile).

            Hear brother Paul (Romans 11 v 4)
            “But what saith the answer of God unto him? I HAVE RESERVED MYSELF TO SEVEN THOUSAND MEN, who have not bowed the knee to the image of Baal.

            Even so then at this present time ALSO THERE IS A REMNANT according to the election of grace.

            …What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; BUT THE ELECTION HATH OBTAINED IT, AND THE REST WERE BLINDED”.

            Now look at Daniel 9 v 24
            “SEVENTY WEEKS ARE DETERMINED UPON THY PEOPLE and upon thy holy city,….”.

            The 70 weeks is a program for Israel (of the flesh) alone, at the end of which only a remnant will be saved to inherit the kingdom. Just like in the time of Elijah as Paul tells us. This is not for the Church because if it were, we would have to go through the ENTIRE 70 weeks (as Israel of the flesh) to be saved but this is not the case.

            God Bless

          2. Curtis, Obviously we will disagree. I believe as the Bible clearly states that we are grafted onto the root of Israel from which branches were broken off. That permits us access to the New Covenant which was made specifically with House of Israel and House of Judah, not with gentiles. This also grafts us into the BLESSINGS of the 70 Weeks (eternal righteousness, etc.)

            And yes, of course, there is a remnant, that is immaterial to begin grafted into the 70 Weeks.

    2. God has worked with “Israel” and “the church” together in the past: (1) God provoked Israel to envy while Gentiles were being saved – see Romans 11; (2) God brought judgment upon Israel in AD70, a good 30 or 40 years into “the church age”; (3) the recreation of the state of Israel in 1948 occurred over 1,900 years into “the church age”. There is no reason to suppose things will be any different in times to come — we are “grafted in” to the Olive Tree (Romans 11) and so God works on us (the “wild olive shoots”) together with believing “natural branches”. If we are part of the last generation of this age, we will enter into Daniel’s 70th week.

  14. Bonjour Nelson,

    Thank you for this new article.

    If you allow me just one quick comment:

    You write: “So in my opinion, the 1960 years of Leviticus 21 may involve the “second exile” of Israel that began in AD 70 and continued until 1948. We also know a “third exile” is coming in the final 3 1/2 years of the 70th Week of Daniel”

    => A lot of people do not realize that the first exile of the people of Israel is actually the one of the northern kingdom (the House of Israel made up of 10 tribes), which took place more than 130 years before the exile of the House of Judah (Southern Kingdom made up of 2 tribes) to Babylon.

    The exile of the 10 northern tribes of the House of Israel was carried out by the Assyrians and occurred in two phases, first in 734 b.c. under Tiglath-pileser III (2Kg 15:29) and then, climatically, in 722 under Shalmaneser and his successor, Sargon II, when the city of Samaria was destroyed and the northern kingdom ceased to exist (2Kg 17:5-6).

    So biblically speaking, it would be more acurate to write the “third” and the “fourth” exile rather then the “second” and “third”!

    Just a though.

    Keep on keeping on.

    Blessings from France,

    FX

      1. Just curious biblically. Where are you getting the four fold 7 x 70. I get the 7 x 70, but not the four fold. Is this found in scripture. I also apologize if it was in the article and I missed it. It was a lot to take in. Thanks for your ministry!

  15. Thanks for this very good introduction Nelson and it may be more timely than you realise.

    Especially like your reference to ‘grafting in’ because our understanding of and the proper manifestation of the ‘One New Man’ is, undoubtedly (imo) an essential element (or rather preliminary step) for the Lord’s return.

    Also, It’s probably part of His strategy of increasing the hearts and minds of Jewish folk to look for Messiah and be blessed by dreams and revelations of His true identity, both of which have been increasing in recent years…

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