This September the Pope will visit the USA and the UN will be in its 70th session. Many people expect a UN resolution calling for a two state “solution” for the Land of Isarel. Most expect that the USA and the Pope will support this horrid plan. Will this be the prophetic “Coveanant with the Many” mentioned in Daniel 9:27 that launches Daniel’s 70th Week?
The Covenant with the Many is one of the most important signs Christians are to look for prior to the return of Jesus. Careful examination of what scripture has to say about this “covenant” should assist us in knowing how to identify it. Here is the primary text about it:
And one week shall establish (Gk: DUNAMOO, meaning “he shall strengthen) the covenant with many: and in the midst of the week my sacrifice and drink-offering shall be taken away: and on the temple shall be the abomination of desolations; and at the end of time an end shall be put to the desolation. (Dan. 9: 27 LXX)
This is the Septuagint Greek version of 9:27 which may not be as familiar to our readers as the Hebrew text. To me, it is much clearer in meaning than the Hebrew text which has as many interpretations as there are commentators. We see that “he will strengthen” a covenant for one week. Notice the word in both the Greek and the Hebrew imply “strengthening an existing covenant” not establishing a new one. This is very important.
The most famous secular covenant of all time made with Israel is United Nations Resolution 181 in November 1947 which partitioned Palestine into Arab and Israeli States. Although accepted by Israel, this plan was rejected by the Arabs and resulted in the Israeli war for independence. This partition plan has never been recognized by the Arab states. Perhaps this famous covenant or the Oslo Accords will be “strengthened,” accepted by all parties, and finally become the Covenant with the Many.
1. If the UN adopts a two-state solution in September it must be a strengthening of an existing Covenant to be the Covenant with the Many.
We know from Daniel 9:27 that the Covenant will be 7 years long.
2. The Covenant must be 7 years long.
We also see that at the midpoint of the 70th Week, a Jewish Temple will be in place and sacrifices will be taking place. The Antichrist then removes the sacrifices and sits in the Temple as if he is God (2 Thess. 2:4). We also see that the Abomination that is set up at that point will be “on” not “in” the Temple.
3. The Covenant with the Many will likely involve allowing Jewish animal sacrifices since the removal of sacrifices happens at the midpoint. The Covenant may also allow the building of the Jewish Temple. Any strengthening of an existing Covenant or treaty that lasts 7 years and permits these two things is a likely candidate for the Covenant with the Many.
Is it possible that a UN treaty signed this September will be the Covenant that is strengthened later and becomes the Covenant with the Many? It might be.
Whose Covenant is it?
There are two main thoughts about the “Covenant with the many.” Which idea is correct is somewhat ambiguous because the “he” in the verse “he will strengthen” could be Jesus or the Antichrist. It isn’t clear. Some commentators believe it will be the Mosaic Covenant that Jesus will strengthen with the Jews. Most, however, believe it is a alliance between the Antichrist and the Jews (and possibly other nations as well.)
If the Covenant in view truly is the Mosaic Covenant, the question must be asked: “why would Jesus strengthen this covenant for seven years and how would it be strengthened?” I don’t have a good answer for this, nor have I seen a satisfactory answer. Some have additionally thought the covenant might refer to the New Covenant in Jesus’s blood, but Jesus won’t apply that to the Jews until the end of the of 70th Week.
There are several other scripture passages that allude to an agreement between the Antichrist and the Jews, and I think this is the most likely option. Daniel 11 refers to an agreement between a Jewish “Prince” at the very beginning of the 70th Week. I think this can be nothing else but this Covenant with the Many:
The overflowing forces (those that leave their own land?) will be flooded away before him (the Antichrist) and shattered, and also the prince of the covenant (the Israeli leader). After an alliance (Heb: CHABAR) is made with him he will practice deception, and he will go up and gain power with a small force of people. In a time of tranquility he will enter the richest parts of the realm. (Dan. 11: 22-24 NASB)
In a previous post, we have proved that Dan. 11 concerns both the career of Antiochus Epiphanes and the Antichrist from 11:21 to 11:35. We call this a near/far fulfillment; the verses equally apply to Antiochus and the future Antichrist. That means this verse is clearly about the future as well, and I think it is absolutely stunning in what it says. After he arises, the Antichrist will fight against foreign armies that include Israel, but he will defeat them: they will be “shattered.” Notice the verse says “overflowing forces.” This implies that Israel and its allies are invading the Antichrist’s territory. They are the ones who are “overflowing” out of their own land. It is then, after the Antichrist wins this victory, that he enters into an alliance with Israel. He appears to do this from a position of strength; he is the one who is victorious in the battle pictured in Dan. 11:22. Because this alliance follows a battle, “peace” most likely will be a component of the covenant. We also can tell this is true because later “in a time of tranquility,” the Antichrist invades other Arab lands. The Antichrist will enter this covenant deceitfully with no intention to keep it.
4. We should be looking for the strengthening of an existing alliance of some sort between Israel, the Antichrist, and possibly other nations AFTER the Antichrist wins a military victory over Israel.
The Covenant with Death
In Daniel 9:27 the word translated covenant is the Hebrew word BERITH. This same word is found in another passage in Isaiah that may refer to this same covenant.
Therefore, hear the word of the Lord, O scoffers, who rule this people who are in Jerusalem, because you have said, “We have made a covenant (Heb.: BERITH) with death, and with Sheol we have made a pact. The overwhelming scourge will not reach us when it passes by, For we have made falsehood our refuge and we have concealed ourselves with deception.” (Isa. 28: 14-15 NASB)
As we can see Israel will make falsehood their refuge instead of God.
4. Israel entering into a false peace will apparently be an important part of the Covenant with the Many. Any Covenant that Israel does not approve of will not be the Covenant with the Many.
Israel will choose this false peace over trusting in Jesus.
Therefore thus says the Lord God, “Behold, I am laying in Zion a stone, a tested stone, a costly cornerstone for the foundation, firmly placed. He who believes in it will not be disturbed. I will make justice the measuring line and righteousness the level (Isa 28: 16-17 NASB)
This refers to Jesus, the costly cornerstone. Israel will trust the rider of the white horse (Rev. 6: 1-2) rather than Jesus.
Then hail will sweep away the refuge of lies and the waters will overflow the secret place. Your covenant with death will be canceled, And your pact with Sheol will not stand; When the overwhelming scourge passes through, Then you become its trampling place.
When we look at this passage we see “waters will overflow the secret place (the Temple)”. This is nearly identical language to Daniel 9: 27 we looked at earlier. The Antichrist will invade at the midpoint of Daniel’s 70th Week and descrate Jerusalem and the Temple.
The question arises, why will Israel enter into this false peace? One reason is they may be negotiating from a place of weakness as we learned in Dan. 11:22-24. Another reason might be taking place at this very moment. The “Iran Nuclear Deal” promises to proliferate nuclear weapons throughout the region. Might all nations agree to lay their nuclear weapons aside as part of the Covenant with the Many? Might that be why Ezek. 38:10 says Gog (the Antichrist) will attack a nation (Israel) of “un-walled villages?”
We have seen four main components to the Covenant:
- It strengthens an existing agreement
- It will be established for 7 years.
- It may premit the building of a Jewish Temple and Temple sacrifices
- It will likely follow a military victory of the Antichrist over Israel
- It will likely establish a false peace. Israel must be a party to this false peace treaty.
- It might include a nuclear disarmament clause.
Whatever happens this September at the UN, we must keep these things in mind. All Christians should be in prayer (and fasting) for the peace of Jerusalem.